In the Soviet Union, psychiatry was used for punitive purposes. Psychiatric hospitals were used by the authorities as prisons in order to isolate hundreds or thousands of political prisoners from the rest of society, discredit their ideas, and break them physically and mentally; as such they are considered a form of torture. This method was also employed against religious prisoners, including especially well-educated atheists who converted to a religion; in such cases their religious faith was determined to be a form of mental illness that needed to be cured.
Psikhushka (Russian: психушка) is a Russian colloquialism for psychiatric hospital. It has been occasionally used in English since the dissident movement in the Soviet Union became known in the West. -- Wikipedia, Punitive psychiatry in the Soviet Union.
Coming soon to a gulag near you: "Oppositional defiant disorder."
Well, people have always said I was "ODD." I just didn't know what they meant until now. ;-)
(A tip of the boonie hat to Mike McNulty for forwarding the above link.)