Thursday, July 21, 2011

Praxis: U.S. Military Field & Tech Manuals, free & on-line. Knowing how to find the ones you may be interested in. But if all you can afford is ONE.

Guidebook For Marines by the USMC Association. The latest (19th) Edition.

If the U.S> Military uses a piece of equipment, there is technical manual how to best employ and maintain it. If there is a subject of military knowledge related to skills, strategy or tactics, no matter how arcane, there is a field manual for that too.

Tech Manuals here.

Field Manuals here.

The Mystery of Manual Numbers.

A bit of explanatory info on
Military Manual Code Number Systems:

To anyone who has looked at Military manuals the code number systems which they are arranged under is bewildering. This is especially true for anyone who is trying to understand and follow the changes in manuals over the last hundred years. What I hope to do in this short essay is try to clear up some of the confusion, to simplify the discussion we be will only be concerned with U.S.Army manuals and only the essential points of the coding systems will be covered.

From the beginning one code number prefix title has been used consistently. Army Regulations (AR’s) which are concerned with the day by day running of the Army. Otherwise manual numbering systems have changed quite a bit. There are often many editions and changes to each manual number and there can be a great deal of difference between the manual editions. So manual FM 21-75 can have five editions covering 45 years of changes in doctrine. In reality each of the editions are more like five different manuals rather than one manual with a five series of changes.
Early Military Manuals

Until the 1890’s there were no army manuals in the current sense. Military manuals before the 1890’s were foreign imports or privately published manuals and textbooks, without any numbering. For all practical purposes they were simply books, with an author and title.

From the late 1880 until the end of First World War military manuals were either War Department Documents or Ordnance Department Documents. Both types of documents were numbered consecutively (1,2, 3, etc.) as they appeared with no variations concerning subject matter. But there was often a branch numbering system superimposed on the manual. For example War Department Document No.541 could also be Signal Manual No.3.

War Department Documents were approximately similar to modern Field Manuals with an occasional one concerned with a technical subject like signal communications and were usually hard covered books. Ordnance Department Documents were similar to modern Technical Manuals and could be either hard cover or paper backed.
After the First World War

Manuals began to be issued in loose leaf form designed to be placed in binders, numbering prefects including TR (Training Regulations), TM (Training Manuals), and TC (Training Circulars), with TR’s being the most common type. There Prefixes were followed by a two to four digit number then a dash followed by a two to three digit number. Like “TR 50-70 or TR 425-30”. The first set of numbers noted the subject while the second set noted the number of the book under the subject. The subject number system was fairly complex. Unfortunately too complex for the length of this essay.

The Technical subjects of the earlier Ordnance Documents were incorporated into the Training regulation system.
The Late 1930’S

The Training Regulations were merged into a series of branch Field Manuals, like Basic Field Manual, Cavalry Field Manual, etc. The Field Manuals of this period did not have a number system like current manuals. Instead FM 21-75 they are titled by subject like “Basic Field Manual, Volume I, Chapter 3”.
World War Two and After

The current U.S.Army manual number system was started at the beginning of the Second World War. The primarily types of manuals became either FM’s (Field Manuals), or TM’s (Technical Manuals), later followed by a bewildering arrangement of lesser Prefixes like TC (Training Circulars). ST (Special Texts), FC (Field Circulars), just to name a few.

Field Manuals were usually numbered by a one to two digit number followed by a dash followed by a one to two digit number, like “FM 21-75”, with the first series on numbers being the subject classification of the manual and the second series being the particular manual.

Technical Manuals were numbered at first like FM’s, but because they were vastly more of them by the early 1960’s, they began to be changed to a more complex system.

Early TM’s have numbers like “TM 9-2300”. The first number being the subject or branch of the Army. Number “9” means that it is an Ordnance Branch manual. The second series of numbers referring to the particular manual.

The many later TM’s, concerned with single pieces of equipment, especially Ordnance equipment, were numbered like “TM 9-1005-223-12”. The first number refers to the branch. The number “9” means that it is an Ordnance branch document. The second series of numbers refer to the subject type. The third series refers to the particular piece of equipment or subject. The four series on numbers refer to the level of maintenance which the manual is concerned with. With “10-12” being operator and organizational maintenance level, and with higher numbers concerned with a higher level, 20’s being direct support, 30’s being general support.

But, if all you can afford is ONE manual to cover a wide survey of military skills, organization and wisdom, get this.

Guidebook for Marines, 1967 edition.

Don't overlook older manuals either. I collect these puppies and have a small bevy of them, starting with a 1948 edition (which covers all the World War II equipment and doctrine for Marine light infantry) and a 1967 edition (which nicely takes in Korean and Vietnem War-era stuff).

They are relatively cheap and quite comprehensive from the perspective of the individual light infantryman.

And even if YOU know everything you think there is worth knowing about the subject(s), then having such primer can be very helpful training newbies.


Robert Fowler said...

I remember the guide book I was issued in 1973. I wish I still had it. I have seen these at gun shows, $8.50 for the current edition.

The Trainer said...

Have to 'agree to disagree' when it comes to 'if you can only afford one'.

"The Tiger's Way" by H.John Poole for civilians who don't have a 214 and "The Last Hundred Yards: The NCO's Contribution to Warfare" by the same author for active, retired, and vets with a 214 no matter the branch would be much better suited because rather than focus on the basics of AW, they take the mind of the troop into the more excellent and effective methodology of Maneuver Warfare.

My .02 the by...Poole is a retired Marine, so there is a correlation of sources. :-)

Semper Fi, 0321 said...

I still have mine from 1972, we wore them inside our utility blouse, read them every moment there was a spare minute to read, and over 13 weeks it got a bit sweaty and worn, but by g*d it's mine, and just like the M-14 I carried, irreplaceable! It is as cherished as my rifle range book, Expert Badge with the M-14!!!

Anonymous said...

Not the same, but the Common Skills Handbook in pdf.

Anonymous said...

For $12....

Allen said...

mil manuals are very useful even everyday. my niece (15) was having a problem with math. I was never all that good at math either. but the navy's NEETS series covered the math she was doing quite nicely, and in a way she understood.

damn, and I had those packed away from AT "A" school in millington back in the early '90's!