The letter of marque and reprisal first arose in 1295, 50 years after wartime privateer licenses were first issued. According to Grotis, letters of marque and reprisal were akin to a "private war", a concept alien to modern sensibilities but perhaps understandable if one recalls a more muscular and self-reliant age when the ocean was lawless and all merchant vessels sailed armed for self defense. A reprisal involved seeking the sovereign's permission to exact private retribution against some foreign prince or subject. The earliest instance of a licensed reprisal recorded in England was in the year 1295 under the reign of Edward I. The notion of reprisal, and behind it that just war involved avenging a wrong, clung to the letter of marque until 1620 in England, where to apply for one a shipowner had to submit to the Admiralty Court an estimate of actual losses.
Licensing privateers during wartime became widespread by the 16th Century Europe, when most countries began to enact laws regulating the granting of letters of marque and reprisal.
Although privateering commissions and letters of marque were originally distinct legal concepts, distinctions became purely technical by the eighteenth century. The United States Constitution granted Congress the power to issue “Letters of marque and reprisal” without separately addressing privateer commissions. -- Wikipedia.
"We have an old saying in Delta House: don't get mad, get even." -- Daniel Simpson Day.Senator John Blutarsky, President Pro Tem of the Delta Fraternity in Exile, has issued a letter of marque and reprisal, conveyed through his friend and college buddy Robert "Mad Bob" REDACTED, for the defacement of American Recovery and Reinvestment Act road signs. Senator Blutarsky's ire was raised by by this ABC story. And here is another broadcast segment on the same subject.
"Mad Bob" reports that when Senator Blutarski saw this segment about the shameless waste of taxpayer dollars on socialist propaganda, he threw his Coors at the television screen and declaimed "Obama can kiss my ass! Those signs are dead!"
But how to accomplish such a worthy task? As "Mad Bob" explains, "Bluto's right. Psychotic, but absolutely right. We gotta take these bastards. Now we could do it with conventional weapons that could take years and cost millions of lives. No, I think we have to go all out. I think that this situation absolutely requires a really futile and stupid gesture be done on somebody's part. And we're just the guys to do it. I mean, here we are training for asymmetrical warfare, why not get in a little practice while we're waiting?"
Militia action against road signs is not without precedent. True story: Back in the 90s, "Mad Bob" and his Dogtown Rangers were upset that Alabama was paying taxpayer money on kilometer marker road signs. They viewed this as not only a waste, but as an attempt to Europeanize Alabama -- a prospect that was about as popular as a federal liquor "revenooer" in Winston County. So, one of the Rangers procured a plumber's service truck with a large front bumper mounting two vises for use in threading and bending pipe on the job. Somebody else picked up a eight foot long piece of solid steel round bar about an inch and a half in diameter. They attached it to the front bumper of the service truck using the vises, with the excess length sticking out to the right. Then they went down I-65 at night, swerving to right every time they saw a kilometer sign. The steel bar knocked them flat. After about 100 of them had been taken out, the state highway department gave up and pulled the rest. Like I said, true story.
Of course, the destruction and defacement of speed limit signs has an ancient and honorable history going back much further than that. Here in Alabama, local municipalities and county sheriff's used to post a slow speed sign right after a reasonable speed sign just to be able to write tickets. After a few tickets, the locals would deface or destroy the signs with shotgun blasts, making it impossible for the tickets to stick in court. Eventually, some municipalities gave up, since the cost of replacing the signs over and over again was greater than the revenue from the tickets.
For those of you unfamiliar with Senator Blutarsky, here he is in the film that demonstrated his leadership ability, command presence and made him famous, Animal House:
Senator Blutarsky now hopes to rally his forces one more time for a campaign that I must say is exquisitely targeted.
1. The signs are nothing but "Praise Obama From Whom All Blessings Flow" socialist propaganda.
2. They are purchased with an estimated twenty million dollars of our stolen money, or worse, with money they print, devaluing the currency. Note that these signs no longer say, "Your tax dollars at work" as they used to, because the Obamanoids don't want to remind folks that this is their money.
3. These signs are the most visible and ubiquitous symbols of the "stimulus" propaganda campaign. They are everywhere and within reach of virtually everyone. Their defacement will likewise be noticed by everyone.
4. Attacks on such signs are purely attacks on property only -- and not private property, but REGIME property. Properly executed within strict rules of engagement, there is no danger of collateral damage to innocent (or even guilty) people. Also, if you are caught defacing one of them, it is a simple misdemeanor vandalism charge you are risking.
5. Attacks on these signs will strike directly at both their egos and their worldviews -- more so than The Window War against the "health care" bill targeted at local Democrat party headquarters in March of this year. It will make them crazy. Just as these signs make us honest taxpayers angry when we pass them, their defacement will drive the government religionists nuts. Attacking such signs is both heresy and treason to them.
6. As "Mad Bob" pointed out, such attacks are great practice for more serious work that we may be called upon to do in the future.
"Let's do it!" -- John Blutarsky.COL Robert "Mad Bob" REDACTED has issued the following template for a tactical operations order:
1. Enemy: Physical assets of Regime Anti-Constitutional Propaganda Campaign designed to influence local, state and national election results.
a) Weather: Various. Consult local forecast. Some advantage can be had by operating in darkness, although it is not required.
b) Terrain: Enemy propaganda signs are usually located in unguarded areas, along the sides of roads, although occasionally suspended from overpasses. They are occasionally subject to security video camera surveillance.
c) Identification of Enemy Assets: Large green signs with white lettering, usually reading: "Project Funded by the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act."
d) Locations: Various.
e) Activity: Assets fixed in place. No regular security provisions.
f) Strength, Morale, and Capabilities: Weak and/or nonexistent.
g) Probable Course of Action: Stepped up security patrols by local police; removal of signs after defacement.
2. Friendly Forces: None you can count on.
a) Mission and content of next higher unit: Not applicable.
b) Location and planned action of adjacent units: Unpredictable. May experience duyplication of target lists.
c) Units providing Fire Support: None.
3. Attachments and Detachments: Local Commander's option consistent with mission.
Mission: Who, What, When, Where, Why (5-W’s): To deny propaganda venues to the enemies of the Constitution and the Founders' Republic by defacing ARRA signs where ever they are encountered by the modern day Sons of Liberty.
Execution: By any means necessary consistent with safety and operational security: birdshot, paint ball guns, other paint delivery systems, papering over with liberty messages.
a. Concept of Operation
1) Maneuver: Destruction of message from vehicle if possible, on foot if not.
2) Fires: To be determined by local commander.
b. Tasks to Maneuver Units: To be determined by local commander.
c. Tasks to Combat Support Units: To be determined by local commander.
d. Coordinating Instructions: To be determined by local commander.
1. Order of Movement, Formations, and Movement Technique: To be determined by local commander.
2. Actions at Halts (long and short): To be determined by local commander.
3. Routes (primary and alternate): To be determined by local commander.
4. Departure and Re-entry of Friendly Lines: To be determined by local commander.
5. Rally Points: To be determined by local commander.
6. Actions at Danger Areas: Strike and fade.
7. Actions on Contact with Security Forces: Escape and evade, if possible. Do not resist if not.
8. Reorganization and consolidation Instructions: Subject to local commander and forces available.
9. Fire Distribution Measures: To be determined by local commander.
10. Fire control Measures: To be determined by local commander.
11. MOPP Levels: Not applicable.
12. Troop Safety: Take care to avoid ricochet in rural areas.
13. Time Schedule: Local commander's option consistent with mission.
14. Primary Intelligence Requirements: Commander's reconnaissance of site; pre-operation study of police patrols, response times, etc.
15. Debriefing Requirements: To be determined by local commander.
16. Reports: By sterile cut-out, leaving no electronic fingerprints, to local media, and friendly web outlets.
17. Rules of Engagement: Shotguns with birdshot may be used in isolated rural areas away from all possibility of collateral human or animal casualties. Within suburban or urban areas, signs my be effaced by paintball gun, or various other paint delivery systems. Preferred color: red. No confrontation with law enforcement. If captured, admit nothing, make no statement, call legal counsel.
Uniform: Mufti is suggested.
Inclement Weather Contingency: Local commander's option.