Friday, August 19, 2011

Anniversary: 19 August 1745. The Jacobite standard is raised at Glenfinnan, beginning "The Forty Five" Uprising.

The Jacobite rising of 1745, often referred to as "The 'Forty-Five," was the attempt by Charles Edward Stuart to regain the British throne for the exiled House of Stuart. The rising occurred during the War of the Austrian Succession when most of the British Army was on the European continent. Charles Edward Stuart, commonly known as "Bonnie Prince Charlie" or "the Young Pretender," sailed to Scotland and raised the Jacobite standard at Glenfinnan in the Scottish Highlands, where he was supported by a gathering of Highland clansmen. The march south began with an initial victory at Prestonpans near Edinburgh. The Jacobite army, now in bold spirits, marched onwards to Carlisle, over the border in England. On reaching Derby, some British divisions were recalled from the Continent and the Jacobite army retreated north to Inverness where the last battle on British soil took place on a nearby moor at Culloden. The Battle of Culloden ended with the final defeat of the Jacobite cause, and with Charles Edward Stuart fleeing with a price on his head. His wanderings in the north west Highlands and Islands of Scotland in the summer months of 1746, prior to finally sailing to permanent exile in France, have become an era of Scottish history which is steeped in romance.


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